Diversity in Higher Education: "Diversity within higher education refers to the inclusion of multiple and varied perspectives as well as the inclusion of individuals representing those perspectives at all levels within a college or university."
Gasman M. (2010) Diversity in Higher Education. In: Clauss-Ehlers C.S. (eds)
Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural School Psychology. Springer, Boston, MA.
Faculty Diversity: "Race, ethnicity, and gender are the most common characteristics that institutions observe in order to measure faculty diversity. Individuals from various minority or racial/ethnic groups (e.g., American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian/Pacific Islander, African American, and Hispanic) comprise nearly 30 percent of the population but account for only 15 percent of the professoriate. While females constitute 51 percent of the population; their representation in academe is 45 percent. An even broader approach to faculty diversity involves age, socioeconomic background, national origin, sexual orientation, and diverse learning styles and opinions.
Higher education institutions are generally concerned with structural diversity, which is the numerical representation of women and people of different racial and ethnic groups. Research confirms that institutions desiring to improve the campus climate for diversity must first increase the structural diversity of the institution. Increasing the structural diversity provides a "critical mass" of individuals from diverse social and cultural backgrounds who interact across racial/ethnic and gender groups. However, improving structural diversity alone will not enhance the environment that faculty encounter. Institutions must take steps to transform the psychological and behavioral climate if faculty diversity and all that it encompasses is to be achieved. For example, the diversity of thought and scholarship includes building a group of faculty with different opinions who work within competing paradigms and whose differences serve to foster intellectual growth."
Johnson, Barbara and Kyle Scafide. "Faculty Diversity." Encyclopedia of Education, edited by James W. Guthrie,
2nd ed., vol. 3, Macmillan Reference USA, 2002, pp. 775-779. Gale eBooks.