Your research paper ends with a list of all the sources cited in the text of the paper. This is called References.
See an example in the "Sample Paper & Reference List" box on this page.
Here are eight quick rules for this list:
- Start a new page for your reference list (e.g., if your paper is 4 pages long, start your References on page 5).
- Center the title, References. The title should be capitalized and in bold.
- Double-space the list entries (including between and within references).
- Use a hanging indent for all references, meaning that the first line of each reference is flush left and subsequent lines are indented by 0.5 inch.
- Put your list in alphabetical order. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the citation. In most cases, the first word will be the author’s last name. Where the author is unknown, alphabetize by the first word in the title, ignoring the words a, an, the.
- For each author, give the last name followed by a comma and the first initial followed by a period.
- Italicize the titles of full works: books, audiovisual material, websites.
- Do not italicize titles of parts of works, such as: articles from newspapers, magazines, or journals / essays, poems, short stories or chapter titles from a book / chapters or sections of an Internet document. Instead, use quotation marks.