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Chicago Manual of Style Guide (Chicago 17th Edition): Web & Social Media (Author/Date)

Note

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books. For electronic versions of books and articles (journals, magazines, and newspapers) see the respective section for that format.

Examples for Author/Date for Websites

Examples for Author/Date for Websites

 

Web Page

Reference

Hatch, Rachel. 2014. “The Renegades of BioMath.” News - Illinois State. May 22, 2014. https://news.illinoisstate.edu/2014/05/renegades-biomath/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hatch 2014).

Hatch (2014) highlights...


Web Page: Author & No Date

Reference

Moran, Casey. n.d. “7 Mindfulness Habits That Lead To 365 Days of Happiness.” Lifehack. Accessed March 14, 2018. https://www.lifehack.org/346064/7-mindfulness-habits-that-lead-365-days-happiness.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Moran, n.d.).

Moran (n.d.) highlights...


Web Page: No Author & No Date

In the reference list, start with the title of the page in double quotes. For the in-text citation, use the first few words of the title in double quotes and the year.

Reference

“Battle Bird.” n.d. Illinois State University Athletics. Accessed March 15, 2018. http://goredbirds.com/sports/2014/4/16/his_trad_battle_bird.aspx.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("Illinois State athletics’ battle bird," n.d.).

"Illinois State athletics’ battle bird" (n.d.) highlights...

Examples for Author/Date for Media

Examples for Author/Date for Other Media and Electronic Communications

 

Digital Image

Reference

Wernet, Lara. 2012. Want a Little Kiss? Photo. https://www.flickr.com/photos/farbenflut/8148446518/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Wernet 2012).

Wernet (2012) highlights...


Online Video

Reference

ISUtube1857. 2012. Celebration of President Bowman’s Legacy at Illinois State University. Online Video. Normal, Illinois. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P_vNPD1rhFY&feature=youtu.be.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (ISUtube1857 2012).

ISUtube1857 (2012) highlights...


Podcast

Reference

Mondello, Bob. n.d. Fall Movies: Corsets, Crises, Comedies And Cranks. All Things Considered. Accessed March 15, 2018. https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=94117753.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Mondello, 2008).

Mondello (2008) highlights...


TV Show, Single Episode (online)

Reference

Lacques, Anthony. 2006. “Ben Franklin Tech.” Television series episode. Modern Marvels. New York: A&E Television Networks. https://www.history.com/shows/modern-marvels/season-12/episode-13.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Lacques 2009).

Lacques (2009) highlights...


Email

Note: These are not included in the reference list and should be cited parenthetically.

In-text Citation

Planning for the signing of the document was almost complete (Smith, email message to author, May 4, 2014).

Smith (email message to author, May 4, 2014) highlights...

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Social Media

Examples for Author/Date for Social Media

 

Blog Post

Reference

Hansen, Anders. 2017. “The Most Important Thing We Can Do for Our Brain? Exercise!” Brain Blogger (blog). October 24, 2017. http://brainblogger.com/2017/10/24/the-most-important-thing-we-can-do-for-our-brain-exercise/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hansen 2017).

Hansen (2017) highlights...


Blog Post: No Author

For the in-text citation, use the first few words of the title in double quotation marks and the year.

Reference

“Why Gardening Can Help You Live Longer and Be Healthier.” 2018. Wellness Mama (blog). March 12, 2018. https://wellnessmama.com/5437/gardeners-live-longer/.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods ("Why Gardening Can Help You", 2018).

"Why Gardening Can Help You" (2018) highlights...


Facebook Post

Reference

Beyoncé. 2016. “#LEMONADE the Visual Album Available Now!” Facebook update. April 25, 2016. https://www.facebook.com/beyonce/photos/a.252225550600.296474.28940545600/10156956506310601/?type=3.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Beyoncé 2016).

Beyoncé (2016) highlights...


Twitter / Tweet

Reference

MediaShift (@MeidaShiftOrg). 2016. “How Will Facebook’s Algorithm Changes Impact Your Newsroom? https://T.Co/Gch0mPJMnV.” Twitter. July 12, 2016. https://twitter.com/MediaShiftOrg/status/752813655247519744.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (MediaShift 2016).

MediaShift (2016) highlights...