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Chicago Manual of Style Guide (Chicago 17th Edition): Other Sources (Author/Date)

Note

Note: Formatting of multiple authors follows the same format as books.

Examples of In-Text Citations and References for Other Sources

Encyclopedia Entry

Reference

Levinson, David, and Gertrud Pfister, eds. 2013. “Yachting.” Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport. Great Barrington, Massachusetts: Berkshire Publishing Group.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Levinson and Pfister 2013).

Levinson and Pfister (2013) highlights...


Encyclopedia Entry: Electronic

Reference

Ross, Jeffrey Ian, ed. 2013. “Hooliganism.” Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. http://www.ilstu.eblib.com/EBLWeb/patron/?target=patron&extendedid=P_1207759_0.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Ross 2013).

Ross (2013) highlights...


Government Publication

Reference

Stewart, Hayden, Jeffrey Hyman, Andrea Carlson, and Elizabeth Frazão. 2016. The Cost of Satisfying Fruit and Vegetable Recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines. Economic Brief, Number 27. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. http://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo69773.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Stewart et al. 2016).

Stewart et al. (2016) highlights...


Interview

Note: These are not included in the reference list and should be cited parenthetically. Published interviews should be cited based on the delivery format (e.g. The NPR Interviews as a magazine; 60 Minutes as a television broadcast, etc.)

In-text Citation

Planning for the signing of the document was almost complete (J. Smith, interview via Skype, May 4, 2014).

J. Smith (interview via Skype, May 4, 2014) highlights...


Personal Communication

Note: Personal communication is any form of communication with you and another person. This can be in the form a text, phone call, Skype session, direct message, etc. These are not included in the reference list and should be cited parenthetically.

In-text Citation

Planning for the signing of the document was almost complete (J. Smith, pers. comm., May 4, 2014).

J. Smith (pers. comm., May 4, 2014) highlights...


Report

Reference

White, Susan, and Rachel Ivie. 2013. “Number of Women in Physics Departments: A Simulation Analysis. Report.” College Park, MD: Statistical Research Center of the American Institute of Physics. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED547644.pdf.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (White and Ivie 2013).

White and Ivie (2016) highlights...


Thesis / Dissertation

Reference

Hagen, Christopher K. 2016. “We’ve Been Here : Possibilities for Prolonging Experiential Intimacy in Art.” Masters of Fine Arts, Normal, Illinois: Illinois State University. http://ir.library.illinoisstate.edu/etd/504.

In-text Citation

Numerous studies have replicated these results utilizing the same methods (Hagen 2016).

Hagen (2016) highlights...